County Tax A/C
Justice of the Peace
David D. Field
P.O. Box 9395
Dalhart, Tx. 79022
The county judge is the presiding officer and a voting member of
the commissioners court and constitutional county court. Actual
judicial responsibilities of county judges vary among counties
because statutory county courts at law exist with overlapping
jurisdiction in many counties. In a few counties, portions of usual
county court jurisdiction have been assigned to district courts. In
many major metropolitan areas, the job of the county judge is
primarily administrative rather than judicial in nature.
In the role of presiding officer of the commissioners court, the
county judge oversees all county government departments through
the court's responsibility for approving annual budgets for the entire
Generally, county courts have jurisdiction in civil cases when the
amount in controversy is at least $500 but not over $5,000.
County courts have concurrent jurisdiction with district courts
when the disputed amount is between $500 and $5,000. County
courts also have jurisdiction in probate matters, appellate (from
justice of the peace courts) jurisdiction over Class C
misdemeanors, and original jurisdiction in Class A and B
misdemeanors (except official misconduct) where the fine imposed
is not more than $3,000.
Constitutional county judges have original jurisdiction in probate
matters, including mental illness and guardianships. The county
judge may act as juvenile judge and serve on the county juvenile
board, as well as conduct marriages and act as a coroner, when
necessary. A county judge is not required to be an attorney, but
the Texas Constitution stipulates that the county judge "shall be
well-informed in the law of the state."